Database

Zdeněk Sýkora

Orodzony/a 3 Luty 1920, Louny
Umarł/a 12 Lipiec 2011, Louny
 
An important Czech painter and graphic artist whose structures and lines reflect a specific artistic concept of painted space. He dealt with the relationship between colour and space in paintings, objects, and specific three-dimensional concepts. Besides abstract works, he also dealt with the theme of landscape which represented a natural inspiration for his creative work.
(Olga Staníková)
 
graphics, painting, object, architecture, new media

1938

1939

1939–1949
He participated in the activities of an informal surrealist group in Louny, and photographed and experimented with the photocollage technique. He started to paint under the influence of surrealism and cubism in the late 1940's and in the open air (together with Vladislav Mirvald, his friend and former classmate).

1945

Studied at Charles University in Prague (1945-1947)

1947

1952

Zdeněk Sýkora. Paintings (solo exhibition, Prague)

1957

1957–1959
There was a radical change in his artistic work after he saw Mattis's paintings in the Hermitage Museum, Gardens cycle
(paintings reduced in both shape and colour).

1958

1958–1963
He moved from natural and organic forms to geometric and abstract forms; abstract forms were based on geometrical shapes, which he then organized into a grid.

1960

Creative group in the Umělecká beseda (group exhibition, Prague)

1961

1962

1962–1963
In cooperation with Vladislav Mirvald, he implemented a fire-protection curtain in the Fučík Theatre in Louny (which was lost during the reconstruction of the theatre in 2001).

1963

The first of his structure series was created – Grey Structure. He used combinatorial principles to organize the geometric elements in his structures.

Black Commas (painting)

1964

He started to use a computer for the composition arrangements of his paintings in cooperation with mathematician Jaroslav Blažek. Thus, he was among the pioneers of this method.

Red structures (mixed media)
Umělecká beseda (1964) (group exhibition, Prague)
Křižovatka (group exhibition, Prague)

1965

He attended foreign exhibitions, such as Nuove realtá nell'arte de Cecoslovacchia contemporanea, La Carabaga club d'arte, Genoa; Tschechoslovakische Kunst heute, Städtische Kunstgalerie, Bochum a Staatliche Kunsthalle, Baden-Baden; Nova Tendencija 3, Galerija suvremene umjetnosti, Zagreb.

Graphic print (mixed media)
Czechoslovak Art Today (group exhibition, Baden-Baden)
Nova tendencija 3 / New tendency 3 (group exhibition, Zagreb)

1966

He was appointed a senior lecturer at Charles University in Prague.
Creative group Umělecká beseda (1966) (group exhibition, Prague)
Spring Exhibition 1966 (group exhibition, Prague)
Czechoslovak Contemporary Art (group exhibition, Berlin)

1967

1967–1969
Great architectural implementations in Prague (structures): ceramic wall at the Polish information centre in Jindřišská Street (which is part of a coffee-house today) and glass mosaic of Air vents of the Letná Tunnel by the architect Josef Kales (cultural monument since 2003).
Constructive Tendences (group exhibition, Louny)
Constructive Tendencies from Czechoslovakia (group exhibition, Frankfurt)

1968

He exhibited at the international exhibition of contemporary art Documenta 4, Kassel.
Artists of Špála Gallery (group exhibition, Bratislava)
Concretists´Club and Guests (group exhibition, Ústí nad Labem)
Documenta 4 (group exhibition, Kassel)
Dodekaedr (group exhibition, Ústí nad Orlicí)

1969

He participated in the first biennial of constructive art in Nuremberg – Konstruktive Kunst : Elemente + Prinzipien; attended the opening of the Tendencije 4 – Computers and Visual Research exhibition in Zagreb (with Josef Hlaváček).
In the late 1960's and early 1970's, his paintings and sculptures (structures) were seen in important European and American galleries, museums, and private collections, for example: McCrory Collection New York, collection of Jan and Meda Mládek Washington, Nationalgalerie Berlin, Städtische Kunstgalerie Bochum, Museum Folkwang Essen, Sammlung Etzold – Städtisches Museum Mönchengladbach, Museo de Arte Moderno Jesús Soto Ciudad Bolívar.
Zdeněk Sýkora. Computer-Strukturen (solo exhibition, Hannover)
Recent Graphics from Prague (group exhibition, Los Angeles)

1970

The first retrospective exhibition in the Špála Gallery in Prague (he did not exhibit in Czechoslovakia again until 1987).

Graphic print (mixed media)
Five Czech Graphic Artists (group exhibition, Groningen)

1971

He exhibited at the second biennial of arts in Nuremberg, Was die Schönheit sei, das weiss ich nicht, Künstler-Theorie-Werk.

1972

1972–1973
He created the first line painting by magnifying the structural elements. Instead of a strict order, he used the randomness of shape, length, colour, crossing, etc.

1974

Within the Gorinchem ´74 symposium in the Netherlands, he made a pavement in the Netherlands (85 m²) which was renewed and moved in 2005.
Sympozium Gorinchem ´74 (public program, Gorinchem)

1977

He completed the implementation of structures in architecture – a marble sidewalk and a wall of the shopping centre in Litvínov.

1979

First exhibition of line works – Kunstcentrum Badhuis in Gorinchem, Netherlands.
Zdeněk Sýkora: Computer-schilderijen (solo exhibition, Gorinchem)

1980


One Line (graphics)

Quintet (graphics)

Trio Hiršal (graphics)

1983

He married his former student Lenka (*16th June 1957 in Plzen) and started to cooperate with her in 1985.
1983–1984
He worked on a large painting Line No. 24 (3 x 3 m, 227 lines) which he later called The Last Judgement (property of Centre Pompidou in Paris today).
Zdeněk Sýkora (solo exhibition, Chambéry)

1984

1984–1985
He painted strong colourful lines in his paintings; he created the cycle of abstract paintings Stains which he continued to work on into the 1990's.

1985

1986

His first foreign retrospective exhibition Quadrat – Moderne Galerie, Josef Albers Museum, Bottrop.

Detail Nr. 21 (graphics)
Zdeněk Sýkora – Retrospective (solo exhibition, Bottrop )

1987


Line no. 43 (painting)
Zdeněk Sýkora – Graphics (solo exhibition, Ústí nad Labem)

1988

A large retrospective exhibition (works from 1947) in the The Brno House of Arts (in cooperation with the theorist Jiří Valoch).
Sýkora started to cooperate with Heinz Teufl which resulted in his solo exhibition in the same year (interrupted in 1968).

Line No. 56 (painting)
Zdeněk Sýkora (solo exhibition, Brno)
Zdeněk Sýkora: Pictures of 1968 and 1980–1986 (solo exhibition, Bad Münstereifel)

1989

He created a large painting (3 x 6 m) which was exhibited at the Konkret 9 symposium in Nuremberg.
Czech Painting Today (group exhibition, Esslingen )

1990

The first painting with lines which only ran from a few points (he continued until 1994).
He built a new studio in Louny. He created paintings with horizontal lines (until 1993), lines running from a single point, angled lines, and lines forming areas (1994). In addition to very complicated lines there were also paintings with only a few lines.
Artists Tribute to Jiří Chalupecký (group exhibition, Prague)

1991

Zdeněk Sýkora: Paintings, Graphics (solo exhibition, Prague)
Zdeněk Sýkora – Line (solo exhibition, Prague)
Tradition and Avant-garde in Prague (group exhibition, Osnabrück)
Zdeněk Sýkora. New Works (solo exhibition, Bad Münstereifel)
Zdeněk Sýkora: Line-Paintings (solo exhibition, Amsterdam)
Grey Brick 78/1991 (group exhibition, Klatovy)

1992

Minisalon (group exhibition, Prague)
Czech Fine Art 1960-1990 (group exhibition, Prague)

1993

1993–1994
Implementation of a twelve metre Sýkoras Wand for Selmoni AG, Basel.
Until 1995, alongside the main activity, he also developed the possibilities of the paintings he had started in the late 1950's – landscapes, the Stains cycle, and he made paintings with lines running from a single dot (until 2004).

1994


Line no. 115 (architecture)
Zwischen Zeit Raum I (group exhibition, Düsseldorf)
Zdeněk Sýkora (solo exhibition, Litoměřice)

1995

A retrospective exhibition in GHMP and Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen.
Zdeněk Sýkora: Retrospective (solo exhibition, Ludwigshafen)
Karel Malich, Zdeněk Sýkora (group exhibition, Drážďany)

1996


Line (mixed media)
Minisalon (group exhibition, Forth Myers)
Fineart ´96 (group exhibition, Prague)

1997


Three phases I. (mixed media)

Three phases II. (mixed media)

Three phases III. (mixed media)
Zdeněk Sýkora – Karel Malich (solo exhibition, Dresden)

1998


Line no. 150 (painting)

Line no. 156 (painting)
Zdeněk Sýkora: New Line-Paintings (solo exhibition, Amsterdam)
Zdeněk Sklenář – Relations (solo exhibition, Ústí nad Labem)

1999

1999–2009
Illustrations of several books published by Aulos, Prague: Jan Neruda – Cosmic Songs (1999), Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose – The Nature of Space and Time (2003), William Faulkner – Elly (2005), Karel Hynek Mácha – May (2007), Josef Hiršal and Bohumila Grögerová – Poetry of Structure and Line (2009); cooperation with Zdeněk Ziegler and Zdeněk Křenek – they were awarded the Most Beautiful Book of the Year award in the Bibliophilia category three times.

2000

Zdeněk Sýkora (solo exhibition, Louny)
Art in Central Europe 1949–1999 (group exhibition, Barcelona)
Actual Infinity (group exhibition, Prague)
90 Years of the Brno House of Arts (group exhibition, Brno)

2001

His painting Line No. 137 of 1997 became the logo of the newly opened Museum of Modern Arts – mumok Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna.

2002

Black and White (group exhibition, Svitavy)

2003

Situation 11 (solo exhibition, Berlin)
Look Light (group exhibition, Brno)
Sýkora 1998 / 2003 (solo exhibition, Prague)

2004

Paintings with lines which only pass through the format and have a better possibility of free movement.
From National Classics (group exhibition, Litomyšl)

2005

Implementation of lines in architecture – entrance hall to the new building of Air Traffic Control of the Czech Republic, Jeneč u Prahy.
Received award from Herbert Boeckl Prize
Sýkora 2004 (solo exhibition, Prague)
Zdeněk Sýkora: Recent Paintings (solo exhibition, Amsterdam)
Zdeněk Sýkora (solo exhibition, Louny)
Herbert-Boeckl-Preiss 2005 Zdeněk Sýkora (solo exhibition, Salzburg)

2006

Czech Art 20th Century /1940-1970 (group exhibition, Hluboká nad Vltavou)
World of the Czech Graphics (group exhibition, Bruntál)

2007

Zdeněk Sýkora – Print Graphics (solo exhibition, Curych)
Czech Contemporary Art - Parallel Lines (group exhibition, Moscow)

2008

Received award from Cena Vladimíra Boudníka
Zdeněk Sýkora: Graphics (solo exhibition, Olomouc)
Velké prádlo (group exhibition, Olomouc)
Zdeněk Sýkora: Prints (solo exhibition, Klatovy)

2009

Zdeněk Sýkora Letná XL (solo exhibition, Prague)
Vladimír Boudník Prize 2008 (solo exhibition, Prague)
Zdeněk Sýkora: Graphics (solo exhibition, Louny)

2010

A cycle of exhibitions on the anniversary of his birth – Zdeněk Sýkora 90 in the Gallery of the Capital City of Prague, Colour and Space in the Olomouc Museum of Arts and The Landscape in the Gallery of Arts in Karlovy Vary.
Selection (group exhibition, Prague)
Zdeněk Sýkora 90 (solo exhibition, Prague)
Zdeněk Sýkora. Space and Color (solo exhibition, Olomouc)
Zdeněk Sýkora: Landscape (solo exhibition, Karlovy Vary)

2011

Zdeněk Sýkora: Prints (solo exhibition, Brussels)
Zdeněk Sýkora: Zero Lines (solo exhibition, Prague)
Kalendáře pro Jindru Štreita (group exhibition, Bruntál)
Doteky konstruktivismu (group exhibition, Prague)
Zdeněk Sýkora (solo exhibition, Prague)
Zdeněk Sýkora. Landscape (solo exhibition, Klatovy)
Zdenek Sykora from the Museum Collection (solo exhibition, Nürnberg )
Uchronie aneb Příběhy ze sbírky (group exhibition, Prague)

2012

Zdeněk Sýkora: Parallel Path (solo exhibition, Ostrava)
Chance as Strategy (group exhibition, Budapest)

2013

Zdeněk Sýkora in Select Society (solo exhibition, Louny)

2015

2016

2017

Muzeum umění Olomouc 2011-2016